I am currently working on several projects: (1) predictors of vaccine hesitancy, skepticism, and uptake and trust in science and medicine; (2) COVID-19 mitigation behavior and (mis)information in closed rural religious communities; (3) diagnosis, healthcare coordination, and chronic illness among rare disease patients; and (4) maternal health.
What social, cultural, and structural factors affect science/medicine skepticism including vaccine skepticism? What factors affect COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and uptake?
Corcoran, Katie E., Christopher P. Scheitle, and Bernard D. DiGregorio. Forthcoming. “Paranormal Beliefs, Vaccine Confidence, and COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake.” Sociology of Religion.
Stein, Rachel E., Katie E. Corcoran, Corey J. Colyer, and Bernard D. DiGregorio. Forthcoming. “Echo Chambers in a Closed Community: Vaccine Uptake and Perceived Effectiveness among the Amish and Old Order Mennonites.” The Sociological Quarterly. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2022.2053315
Scheitle, Christopher P. and Katie E. Corcoran. 2022. “Endorsement of Religion-Science Conflict as an Expression of Group Solidarity among Graduate Students in the Sciences.” Sociology of Religion, 83(1): 79-101.
Delays in Diagnosis, Healthcare Coordination, and Chronic IIlness among Rare Disease Patients I am currently engaged in a multi-institutional, interdisciplinary community-engaged research project on intestinal malrotation—a rare congenital birth defect that occurs in utero due to the fetus’ bowels not rotating to the normal position. All people with intestinal malrotation are at an increased risk of volvulus—a life-threatening complication in which the intestines twist, cutting off blood supply to the bowel. Yet, research shows that misdiagnosis is common and many studies identify a delay between presentation of symptoms and diagnosis, thereby increasing the risk of death and morbidity. Once diagnosed, Ladd’s surgery is typically performed to move the intestines into a safer position that reduces the likelihood of a future volvulus. Ladd’s surgery is considered a definitive ‘fix’ with continuing symptoms post-Ladd’s considered uncommon. My research explores the social, structural, and psychological factors that delay diagnosis of rare diseases and amplify delays for marginalized people. I also examine how patients of rare diseases navigate the healthcare system when their symptoms are not believed to be connected to their rare disease.
I am a member of the Intestinal Malrotation Foundation’s research team, their Grants Manager, and a co-chair of their multi-institutional interdisciplinary medical and patient advisory board. Drawing on data from the only patient-generated registry (i.e., patient-reported outcomes) for intestinal malrotation, our first paper identifies the characteristics of the patient population and their experiences, which is currently under review. One of the key findings of this research is that most people with the condition continue to experience symptoms even after Ladd’s surgery. We are working on a follow-up paper using a large electronic health records database (TriNetX), which corroborates these findings. We are further exploring this research topic by conducting interviews with patients to capture their experience prior to, during, and after diagnosis.
Martinez, Sydney, Scott C. Fligor, Savas Tsikis, Meagan Short, Katie E. Corcoran, Amy Rogers, Kathleen M. Gura, and Mark Puder. “IMPOWER: A National Patient-Generated Registry for Intestinal Malrotation Exploring Diagnosis, Treatment, and Surgical Outcomes.” Under Review.
Maternal Health I also conduct community-engaged research and service in the area of maternal health as a trained patient advocate for the EndPreeclampsia non-profit organization, which seeks to educate, support, and advocate for pregnant people who are diagnosed with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
Stein, Rachel E., Katie E. Corcoran, Carina Perrone, and Jeralynn S. Cossman. “The Influence of Reproductive History on Post-Reproductive Mortality: A Case Study of Amish Women.” The Journal of Plain Anabaptist Communities 2(1): 62-79.